Nicolas Poussin was a French painter. He spent much of his time working in Rome. Characteristic of his work are clarity, order, logic and suitable line over color. He was the inspirational figure for struggling artist in 20th century. He worked for leading collectors in Rome. For short period Cardinal Richelieu gave him order work as First Painter to the King in France. Therefore the majority of works are historical paintings of mythological or religious subjects.
Poussin was born in June 15, 1594, in Normandy, France. Ferdinand Elle and George Lallemand taught him. In 1624 Poussin arrived in Rome when he was 30 years old. He was introduced to Marcello Sacchetti through Marino. Marcello Sacchetti introduced him with Francesco Barberini. Two most important commissions during that time resulted in early masterwork of Paussin; they are Death of Germanicus and Martyrdom of St. Erasmus. At this time, he fell ill and was taken to Jacques Dughet’s house where Dughet’s daughter provided nursing service to Poussin. Poussin married Anna Maria in 1630. From late 1620s to 1630s, he got opportunity to experiment with his artworks.
Within 2 years at Paris he made numerous paintings for the royal chapels, 8 cartoons for tapestry manufactory. In 1642, he returned to Rome and in 1648, he completed for de Chantelou and also Landscape with Diogenes. In 1649 he made Vision of St Paul. In 1651 for the duc de Crequy he made Holy Family. Year after year he produced variety of paintings. After 1650, his health deteriorated, he was suffering from tremor in his hand, and the evidence can be seen in his late drawings. In November 19, 1665 Poussin died in Rome. He was buried in San Lorenzo church in Lucina.
Throughout the life of Poussin he stood apart from other French artist. His motive was clarity in expression and give preference to color. Few most successful people who reproduced the painting of Poussin are Claudine Stella, Pesne, Audran and Picart. In his work, themes of death and tragedy are prevalent. He made twice in a subject, Et in Arcadia ego. In both paintings of Et in Arcadia Ego the theme is the visualization of death in life. Paussin was a pioneer in the growth of landscape paintings. His two paintings; Landscape with St. John on Patmos which is made in 1640 is now in Art Institute of Chicago, his another painting of Landscape with a Roman Road made in 1648 is now in Dulwich Picture Gallery. His best paintings are at the Louvre in Paris. His paintings are also found in London’s National Gallery, Scotland’s National Gallery, Museo del Prado in Madrid, and the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg.
Poussin was a creative artist. Some of his works at the Louvre in Paris are The Inspiration of the Poet, Les Bergers d’Arcadie, The Plague at Ashdod, The Judgment of Solomon, Landscape with Orpheus and Eurydice, The Blind Men of Jericho, The four Seasons and Adulteress. Other few paintings of Poussin are Adoration of the Golden Calf is in National Gallery in London, Nymphs and Satyr is in Cleveland Museum of Art, The Crossing of the Red Sea is in National Gallery of Victoria in Melbourne. Likewise his paintings are in different Museum. His self portrait is available in web. More detail about his time line facts can be searched in internet. His several valuable quotes can be viewed in website. More information about his biography is found in wiki.